Russia's Ministry of Communications confirms the country has tested a new national alternative to the internet, known colloquially as Runet. "This is the point, this is what sovereignty is - to have our resources that can be turned on so that we would not be cut from the Internet". Apart from this, the minister further said that all communication operators, messengers and e-mail service providers with government institutions and security services had to participate in the experiment, which does not affect the regular internet users.
The ministry added that the results of the unplugged internet will now be presented to President Putin. By restricting access to the World Wide Web, it would control digital information flowing in and out of Russian Federation.
Prof Alan Woodward, a computer scientist at the University of Surrey, said, "Sadly, the Russian direction of travel is just another step in the increasing breaking-up of the internet".
In a major move, Russian Federation has tested its own alternative to the global internet.
Runet, he said, "is aimed only at preventing the adverse consequences of the global disconnection from the global network, which is largely controlled from overseas". Today, Russia's Ministry of Communications declared that it has effectively tried a countrywide option in contrast to the internet, as indicated by the BBC.
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That said, what exactly Runet will grow to be and how it will be used are still a matter of speculation until we receive more specific reports of its capabilities and intended purposes.
'The larger context is Russia's dependence as a nation on imported/foreign hi-tech and the perceived vulnerabilities that Russia sees in such technology use, ' Russian expert at the American Foreign Policy Council Samuel Bendett told Defense One. The undersea cables or "nodes", which bring in the global internet to Russia (and from where Russian internet connects to the rest of the world) would need to be blocked or regulated at the very least for the sovereign Runet to work. It also involved an exercise in testing Runet's ability to stand up to external negative influences.
Activists are saying that it's a move to increase the censorship and the surveillance powers of the Russian government.
They will also filter content to prevent access to banned websites.
'When Russia passed its domestic internet bill into law, it wasn't clear how much the government would actually work to make it happen, ' Sherman added.