He explained that viral hepatitis is a major cause of liver cirrhosis and liver cancer in Nigeria, and eliminating hepatitis by 2030, as earmarked in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), will require enduring innovation, better access to medicines, and improved health services.
Worldwide, 290 million people are unknowingly living with viral hepatitis.
'The prevalence of hepatitis on a global scale is staggering as World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that more than 325 million people live with viral hepatitis B and C, with an estimated 2.8 million people infected in 2018 alone, ' he said.
The number of newly diagnosed hepatitis B infections reported from countries across Europe remains high, with the majority of these infections classified as chronic.
The disease is caused by a contagious virus and it is commonly transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated by feces from an infected person.
Under a worst-case scenario, with high levels of disruptions of both the birth dose and childhood HBV immunization (by 60% and 20% for one year respectively), as well as a delay and slow recovery in the expansion of the vaccination programme towards the planned 2030 WHO-targets in the post COVID-19 period, there would be a projected 5.3 million additional chronic HBV infections among children born between 2020 and 2030 and 1 million additional HBV-related deaths among those children later on.
Gold, silver are surging to multi-year highs on virus spreading
If you look at silver you can see that the current price is less than half of what the record high has been (at around $50). Stimulus measures by central banks have added to the momentum too.
"There needs to be coordinated and targeted actions to help reduce the prevalence of hepatitis B and C and its future burden of liver cancer".
Tripura chief minister Biplab Kumar Deb urged people to spread awareness for Hepatitis-free future and said, "With the lack of awareness, millions of people across the globe are losing their lives to this deadly infection". AdvertisementHepatitis - Signs and symptoms In the case of chronic hepatitis, symptoms may not manifest in initial stages - and are likely to reflect in later stages once the damage affects the liver function. Patients with liver cirrhosis due to viral hepatitis B and C can have jaundice, fluid in the abdomen (ascites), bleeding from gastrointestinal tract, blood clotting problems and affection of brain, kidneys and lungs due to liver damage. It also leads to hepatocellular carcinoma or cancer of the liver, which is a serious illness, and in most cases, it leads to death if a liver transplant is not performed. You can contract hepatitis through blood contact or sexual intercourse. Some of the most common symptoms of liver cancer are: weight loss (without trying), loss of appetite, feeling very full after a small meal, nausea or vomiting, belly pain or swelling, itching, yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice).
Getting an HBV vaccine will protect you against HDV.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), there are five types of hepatitis i.e.
"No infant should grow up only to die of hepatitis B because they were not vaccinated", said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. Also, it is advised to use condoms and dental dams for safe sex. And, for that, you need to be aware of the early signs and symptoms of different types of hepatitis.